أصول الفقه: كتاب المنار

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أصول الفقه: كتاب المنار

Legal Theory According to the Hanafi School 

Taught by Dr. Ashraf Muneeb

Imam Abu Hanifa and his students (may Allah Most High be pleased with them) were mujtahids who came to their fiqh conclusions through their independent interpretation of the Qur'an and Sunna. Fiqh means "understanding", and the goal of studying the science of fiqh is not merely to memorize the conclusions of Imam Abu Hanifa and his students, but to understand those conclusions at a deeper level, to understand how and why they reached those conclusions, and why they disagreed with each other and with other fuqaha.

This deeper understanding of the science of fiqh only comes with a study of legal theory (usul al-fiqh), which describes the methods that Imam Abu Hanifa and his students used to interpret the Qur'an and Sunna. 

This course is an explanation of the most important manual of legal theory according to the Hanafi school, Abul Barakat al-Nasafi's Manar al-Anwar. Legal theory can only be studied after one has learned the basic rules of fiqh in all of its chapters. An intermediate-level understanding of Hanafi fiqh by covering a book like Kanz al-Daqa'iq is therefore a prerequisite for this course. Students will also benefit from prior study of Hanafi usul through a book like Usul al-Shashi, which Dr. Ashraf has previously taught to his students online.

This course, along with Hadith Criticism According to the Hanafi School are bridge-courses that prepare students for a study of al-Marghinani's Hedaya. This course is taught in Arabic.

This course is taught in Arabic, and runs for ten weeks each term

  • مقدمة
  • أصول الشرع
  • أقسام النظم والمعنى في القرآن الكريم
  • الخاص
  • مسائل من الخاص
  • الأمر
  • موجب الأمر
  • حكم الأمر
  • أنواع الأداء
  • أنواع القضاء في حقوق العباد