The Islamic Law of Inheritance in Theory and Practice
Taught by Dr. Ashraf Muneeb
When we die, our ownership of our property comes to an end and passes on to our heirs. But which heirs? And how much should each heir get? How exactly should our estate be divided?
How we should divide our estate has not been left to our discretion. In order to remove any feelings of unfairness and entitlement from the hearts of the heirs, and in order to ensure that the estate is divided fairly between them, Allah Most High took the decision of how to divide our estate out of our hands and described it in the Islamic law of inheritance and estate-division.
Allah Most High taught us the laws of estate-division in just three verses of the Qur'an and a handful of hadith. From these verses and hadiths, Muslim scholars have derived a detailed set of rules that, with the help of some arithmetic, divide a deceased's estate with precision, setting out equitable and just shares for both men and women, husband and wife, children and parents, and close relatives and more distant ones.
In this 10-week course, you will learn the theory of the Islamic law of inheritance: What share should the son get? What share should the daughter get? What share should the mother get? What share should the father get? What share should the husband get? What share should the wife get? What share should the grandfather get? What share should grandchildren get? What share should an uncle get?
But learning theory is not enough. The rules of estate-division are only learned through practice. Dr. Ashraf will combine theory of the law of inheritance with dozens of practice questions that you will solve in order to really understand how an estate should be divided.
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) prophesied that the loss of sacred knowledge is a sign of the Day of Judgment (Bukhari), and he warned that the sacred knowledge of how to divide a deceased's estate would be the first kind of sacred knowledge to be "taken away from the Muslim community." (Ibn Majah) As fewer and fewer Muslims know how to divide an estate, this prophecy comes closer and closer to being fulfilled, the Day of Judgment comes closer and closer, and the calamities of the end of time loom larger and larger. By learning this science, we fulfill a communal obligation, and we play our part in keeping the calamities of the end of time at bay.
This course is using the classical manual of Hanafi sacred law, Kanz al-Daqa'iq. The differences between the four schools in the law of estate-division, however, are very slight, and Dr. Ashraf will explain these differences as he unpacks the text, so that students of any school--Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki, or Hanbali--will benefit from this course.
This course is taught in Arabic, and runs for ten weeks each term